Poliochni the most ancient city of Europe

Poliochni the most ancient city of Europe
Poliochni the most ancient city of Europe
  • Poliochni the most ancient city of Europe

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Poliochni: the most ancient city of Europe

The summer of 1930, the Archaeological School of Athens discovered the prehistoric city of Poliochni, which is considered to be the most ancient of Europe. It constitutes a settlement that passed from many phases of architectural and cultural development, in a period of time that lasted from 5000 B.C. till 1600 B.C., when it was devastated, obviously, by geological causes (rise in level of Aegean, etc.).

Metal objects (matrices, casts, mineral hoppers, stone hammer-hatchet) that were found there and date back to the beginning of 3rd millennium B.C., but also proofs that these weapons and tools were constructed on the spot, testify that Lemnos became very early an important metallurgical centre and played very significant role in Aegean matters.

The wealth, concentrated by the process and trading of its metals and know-how, is reflected in high level architecture and urban planning of Poliochni.

  • Lemnia Gi

    Lemnia Gi

    It is the famous clay, which for many centuries render the island of Lemnos unique in the whole world. It was mined from the 4th B.C. century till the end of 19th century, in the area of Fteri, between Kotsinas and Repanidi.
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  • During the period of Trojan war

    Achaeans going to Troy stopped in the island and left Philoktitis there, who was bitten by the snake of the sanctuary of goddess Chrysie and his leg stank unbearable.
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  • Sovereigns and conquerors

    The conclusion, arising from mythological and historical texts, is that ancient world had shown a keen interest on Lemnos and its advanced civilization. Kares dominated over the island after Sintiis.
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  •  Cabeiri , lemnos

    Lemnos name

    Its name, which remained unchangeable throughout the centuries, originates from the Phoenician word “white”. As it is low and treeless, it strikes as whitish/ white from afar.
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  • Ήφαιστος, Λήμνος

    Μythology

    So, Hephaestus, chief metallurgist of Olympian gods, sets up his workshop in Lemnos and becomes its patron god. Besides, it couldn’t be different: the island has volcanic composition of the soil and is not far away from mine resources of Black Sea and Asia Minor.
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  • Chronicle

    Pelasgics, who were relatives of Tyrrineoi and Etruscans of Italy, seize Lemnos in 1000 B.C. In 511 B.C., the island is occupied by Persians, but in 479 B.C., the fleet of Athenians forced them out of the island definitely.
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  • During the period of Trojan war

    Achaeans going to Troy stopped in the island and left Philoktitis there, who was bitten by the snake of the sanctuary of goddess Chrysie and his leg stank unbearable. They took him back twelve years later and went to Troy, because according to the oracles of seer Elenos, only with his weapons (Hercules’s arrows) they could seize it.
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